Durum FACE

Atmospheric carbon dioxide CO2 is predicted to rise above 550 ppm (parts per million) within this century. CO2 is the substrate of photosynthesis - the process by which green plants fix solar energy and produce biomass introducing carbon from CO2 into carbohydrates. Increasing CO2 concentrations stimulate plant growth. This phenomenon is often referred to as the "fertilisation effect".

To successfully adapt crop production practices and agro-ecosystem management in the face of increasing CO2, plant production must be studied in a range of environments under field conditions. The project aims at understanding the effects of increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations on productivity and grain quality of durum wheat (Triticum durum). Ten durum wheat varieties and two advanced breeding lines from the cross of Ofanto x Cappelli population are studied.

The project "DuCO: Durum wheat adaptation to global change: effect of elevated CO2 on yield and quality traits" is funded by a network of fundations that finances research in the agroalimentary sector through the program "AGER: agroalimentare e ricerca".

The experimntal units are plots of 2.2 x 1.36 m. FACE treatment is applied to 4 octagons inscribed in circles of 14 m diameter. These 4 FACE systems plus 4 control systems at ambient CO2 contain two replicates of the 12 genotypes each.

A glimpse on the experiment

FACE ring


CRA - Genomics Research Centre

  • Luigi Cattivelli, coordinator
  • Fulvia Rizza, ecophysiology and yield
  • Elisabetta Mazzucotelli, transcriptomics, proteomics
  • Caterina Maré, transcriptomics, proteomics
  • Fabio Reggiani, technical assistance
  • Franz-W. Badeck, ecophysiology and yield

CNR-IBIMET Biometeorological Institute

  • Franco Miglietta
  • Alessandro Zaldei, construction of the FACE system
  • Piero Toscano, remote sensing

CRA - Cereal Research Centre

  • Clara Fares, grain quality


  • Giovanni Giuliano, metabolomics

Contact Durum-FACE
For enquiries about Durum-FACE and expressions of interest for collaborative projects, please contact either of the project leaders:


The Genomics Research Centre holds a collection of more than one hundred barley mutants.

Our contacts

Genomics Research Centre
Via S. Protaso, 302
29017 Fiorenzuola d'Arda (PC) - ITALY
+39 0523 983758
+39 0523 983750
How to find us

We thank Renzo Alberici, Donata Pagani and Gianni Tacconi for setting up the picture collection.